Conditions Survey and Preservation Plan
For Pioneers and
MacDonald & Mack Architects, LTD
Resetting gravestones: courtesy of http://www.ctgravestones.com/Conservation/resetting.htm
If you intend to get involved with resetting gravestones, use caution and have materials ready before you start the job. Don’t try to move stones too heavy to manage unless you have sufficient help and for large stones use a tripod or lifting tool. Be sure that when using a lifting tool that:
No metal is to be strapped to the stone; use canvas strapping.
The ground you are working on is solid enough to hold the weight and equipment without burying itself in the ground. The more hands on the better.
Besides shovels and buckets you’ll need the following supplies: Water, a few old bricks, a tamping device, or couple of 2x4 pieces, sand (not play sand) and crushed stone.
Survey your stone and area. Before you start digging out stone remove the surrounding grass or moss at top layer of ground and set it aside on a sheet of plastic.
Try to dig away from stone and avoid hitting stone with shovel.
Keep your tarp or a sheet of plastic at work area to pile removed dirt on. Left over dirt can be carted off easily leaving the cemetery looking neater, minus the mud piles all over.
While removing dirt keep checking; as the stone loosens it may tip more or fall on you.
When hole is leveled out, place bricks in to help with leveling. Gradually fill back in by using layers of sand and stones. In between layers take the time to tamp it down well, dowsing with lots of water to disperse air pockets, more sand and stone, then tamping again and so on. Stone should be stable and secure before you fill to the top. If not, you may need to bury it deeper, and if this means hiding some of the inscription, then so be it.
Finish up by filling in with dirt, leaving some space to replace top layer of grass or moss that was removed. If this is one correctly, the stone will stand tight and stable.
For resetting in a recessed base, we use a Portland cement with extra lime mix to keep it softer than regular cement. Remember that if the stone should be stressed—allowing to brat at a natural seam is preferable and fixable. Using a fast set cement or concrete in some cases might hinder the movement and cause new breaks on an older stone.